Traumatic Brain Injuries: What They Are and the Common Symptoms

Gabriel A. Assaad
Partner Gabriel Assaad represents victims of negligence and medical malpractice nationwide.

Brain injuries occur when an external force collides with the skull, causing penetration or jerking of the brain. Common causes of brain injuries include high-impact sports, slips, falls, and car crashes. However, a brain injury can occur anytime, anywhere, and to anyone.

In less severe cases, a person suffering from a brain injury may be unaware of his or her condition due to a lack of symptoms or symptoms that can be A White Brain Sculpture Surrounded by a Stethoscopeeasily associated with other problems, such as headaches. Because the signs of a brain injury are not always obvious, anyone who has been involved in an event that caused a strong impact to the head should seek the advice of a medical professional.

Doctors who believe that patients may be suffering from a brain injury may order a CT scan or an MRI test to aid in a diagnosis. However, mild brain injuries—such as concussions—may not be immediately evident in these tests. Medical professionals rely on a variety of factors to diagnose and treat symptoms of brain injuries, and injured individuals may expedite this process by making note of anything that seems out of the ordinary—no matter how trivial these symptoms may seem.

What Are the Possible Symptoms of a Brain Injury?

The consequences of a brain injury can range in severity. The most extreme symptoms can include comas, permanent brain damage, or death. Mild symptoms can include:

  • Headaches

  • Nausea

  • Blurred vision

  • Seizures

  • Changes in mood

  • Temporary loss of consciousness

  • Tinnitis

  • Sleep disruptions

Types of Traumatic Brain Injuries

There are a variety of brain injuries that can result from the impact of an external force. These include:

  • Concussions: Concussions can range in severity and can result in a variety of symptoms, such as loss of consciousness, skull fractures, internal bleeding or swelling.

  • Contusions: Bruising of the brain is classified as a contusion. These injuries may require surgery to begin recovery. Contusions that occur on either side of the brain due to extremely forceful impacts are called coup-contrecoup injuries.

  • Diffuse axonal injuries: Severe shaking or rotation of the head, such as with vehicle accidents, can cause tearing of tissues and nerves in the brain.

  • Penetration injuries: Penetration injuries occur when an external object penetrates the skull. The location and size of the object will typically play a role in the severity of an individual’s penetration injury.

  • Anoxic and hypoxic injuries: Anoxic and hypoxic injuries result from a decreased level of oxygen flow to the brain. Anoxic brain injuries occur when a patient’s brain is not receiving any oxygen. Some causes of an anoxic brain injury include chemical exposure, electric shock and drug overdoses. When the brain receives some, but insufficient, oxygen—often due to reduced blood flow to the brain—this would be considered a hypoxic brain injury.

Receiving Compensation for Your Suffering

Receiving a brain injury is often sudden and unexpected. Financially and emotionally, this can have a severe impact on a victim and his or her family. When the cause of the accident can be attributed—in part or wholly—to the negligent, illegal and/or criminal actions of an individual, a business, an employee, or manufacturers, victims may be able to receive payment for their injuries. Any combination of the following expenses may entitle the victim to compensation for his or her injuries:

  • Services, supplies, and equipment for the medical care and treatment of the injury

  • Wages lost due to missed work, as well as the inability to return to work in the case of a long-term or permanent disability

  • Pain and suffering caused by the event and its after effects

  • Other expenses related to the incident, including property damage and attorney fees

A brain injury can have dramatic and long-lasting effects for all parties involved. If the cause of your pain and suffering is likely due to the negligence of another, the firm can help you strengthen your case and get the most out of your claim. Schedule a consultation today.